When the heart craves something unique and mesmerising, there’s nothing better than the charming iris. A prominent symbol in numerous cultures and traditions, it has been present across the globe for hundreds of years. Today, let’s take a look at the symbolic meaning of the iris flower and the intricate sentiments conveyed by its hues.

History and Origin of Iris Flowers

The history of this flower goes back thousands of years. The first people to cultivate it were the ancient Egyptians, and their admiration for it is even showcased in their hieroglyphics. From Egypt, the flower made its way to Greece; over time, significant goddesses became closely linked to this species.

History and Origin of Iris Flowers

How Did the Iris Get Its Name

The name 'iris' is closely connected to Greek myths, where it is associated with the iridescent colours of the rainbow. It also references the wide range of colours found in various species of iris.

What Does the Iris Flower Mean

The meaning of the iris flower is deeply intertwined with three qualities: wisdom, hope, and valour. At its core, this flower epitomises dialogue and is frequently linked to the art of persuasion. However, for a more detailed description, one can turn to the flower language, where the meaning of the iris is dictated by its shade. Possible interpretations range from longing to admiration and purity. 

Different Colours of Irises and Their Meanings

Different Colours of Irises and Their Meanings


Purple irises describe royalty and can also represent admiration; it’s the most fitting choice for expressing respect.


Yellow irises are known for denoting strong bonds and warmth, ideal for demonstrating devoted friendship and happiness.


Blue irises represent spirituality and longing. Gift them to convey feelings of trust and optimism about someone’s future.


White irises embody purity and innocence at the heart of the recipient; they are a frequent choice for weddings and other celebrations of new beginnings.


Pink irises signify affection and appreciation, which is especially fitting when you’re looking for a thoughtful gift to surprise someone close to you.


Orange irises speak of enthusiasm and energy, a bold statement of resilience and passion towards life.


Black irises have become an impressive symbol of power and mystery, perfect for individuals who are unique and intriguing.


Red irises symbolise courage and passion, an unmatched choice for conveying strong romantic feelings.


Brown irises depict stability and resilience, which makes them a suitable choice for expressing unwavering commitment and support.

Types of Irises

Types of Irises


With their rich, velvety 'beards,' these irises feature stunning blooms and a vibrant burst of colours.


These specimens were named for their crested appearance that stands out among all other species; such flowers will add a touch of elegance to any composition.


Native to the American South, they thrive in wetland conditions and boast an impressive selection of vivid and eye-catching hues.


As flowers with flat, wide petals, they can be easily distinguished from others. In Japan, they embody the ideals of resilience and robustness, often serving as the pinnacle of health and youthful vigour.


With slender stems and graceful flowers, they are perfect for adding a touch of sophistication to your garden.


These small but charming flowers are among the first to bloom in spring, offering a burst of colour after the winter months.


Dutch irises are beloved for their classic, elegant appearance, making them a favourite in a variety of floral arrangements.

Iris Symbolism Around the World

Iris Symbolism Around the World


In Chinese tradition, it stands for protection and good luck, and the plant’s oils are often utilised in traditional medicinal practices.


Known as 'hanashōbu,' this flower represents the Children's Day festival, celebrating the growth and well-being of children.


In ancient Greece, this flower was symbolically tied to the goddess Iris, the personification of the rainbow.



During the Victorian era, it was customary to offer such bouquets as a gesture of friendship or admiration, but the meanings of the iris flower also extended to love and appreciation.


In ancient Egypt, these flowers held a special place in the hearts and minds of the people and were often used in important religious ceremonies.


The fleur-de-lis, a beautifully stylised depiction of an iris, is a symbol that has long been the token of the French monarchy and aristocracy. Its elegant design and rich history make it a beloved emblem of tradition and nobility in France.

When to Give Irises

Whether it's Valentine's Day, Mother's Day, or even Christmas, such arrangements convey a message of love and admiration. They are also both a universal and a wonderful choice for birthdays, anniversaries, or simply as a gesture of appreciation.

How to Choose Irises

When selecting irises, look for vibrant colours and firm, unblemished petals. Ensure that the stems are sturdy and the buds are just beginning to open, promising days of beauty ahead.

What Flowers Go Well with Irises

What Flowers Go Well with Irises

To create stunning floral arrangements, consider pairing irises with complementary blooms such as roses, tulips, or lilies. The contrasting textures and colours will add depth and elegance to your displays.

How to Care for Iris Flowers in a Vase

For optimal water absorption, it's recommended to trim the stems at a slight angle. To prevent the buildup of bacteria, it's important to change the water every few days. Make sure to place the bouquet in a cool, well-ventilated area away from direct sunlight to help it last longer.

Use of Iris Flowers

  1. Aromatherapy: Their essential oil is valued for its soothing and calming properties.
  2. Perfumery: Perfume makers frequently utilise the delightful fragrance in their creations.
  3. Art: Throughout history, they have been a source of inspiration for countless artists and numerous paintings.
  4. Medicine: The roots are utilised for medicinal purposes in certain cultures.

The iris flower is certainly one of beauty, hope, and elegance; knowing the iris flower’s meaning, you can easily use its diverse palette to your advantage. So, when selecting an extraordinary gift, keep in mind the iris as a magnificent option.


What does the iris flower symbolise?

The iris flower holds various meanings, encompassing hope, wisdom, chivalry, and reverence.

What is the spiritual meaning of the iris?

This flower is all about intuition, as well as the fragile connection between heaven and our world in spiritual contexts.

What does the iris mean in love?

When it comes to love, this flower can express profound emotions like passion, dedication, and faithfulness.

Why are iris flowers special?

These blooms stand out due to their rich cultural history. They have been significant in many different cultures, ranging from Egypt to China, and carry a diverse and profound meaning.

What is the power of the iris?

Its strength lies in its ability to convey genuine sentiments without having to utter a word; in addition, its use in both ornamental and medicinal contexts adds to its significance.

What birth month is the iris?

February is the birth month associated with this flower.

What colour does the iris represent?

Iris boasts a range of colours, but the most common ones are those of purple and blue.

What is the rarest iris flower colour?

It is widely acknowledged that black and true red are among the rarest shades.

Why is the iris so expensive?

Irises can be expensive due to their limited availability, intricate cultivation, and use in perfumery and cosmetics.

What is the myth of the iris?

According to Greek legends, Iris served as the goddess of the rainbow, which is why the colourful bloom came to represent her.

What are the facts about iris flowers?

The most fascinating facts about irises are their resilience to various climates and their popularity worldwide; no matter where you are in the world, you are most likely to find these flowers in flower shops and local gardens.

What are the healing properties of the iris?

Its healing properties are suggested to promote emotional balance and clarity of thought.

How long do iris flowers last?

They will typically last for about a week when cut and placed in a vase.